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    UV-C lighting explained

     

    July 23, 2020

     

    UV-C lighting is a technology whose time has come

     

    As countries start to come out of lockdown there’s renewed focus on ensuring that workplaces, facilities, and all manner of public transport are safe to use. As organizations grapple with this new reality, a tried and tested disinfectant, in the form of ultraviolet (UV) lighting, is garnering huge interest.

    Signify is expanding its UV lighting offering. It is increasing its UV-C lighting capacity eight-fold and recently announced 12 new families of products and systems aimed at professional markets. But what exactly is UV lighting, how does it work and where can it be applied?
     

    First, some science. UV light is that part of the electromagnetic spectrum that spans 100-400 nanometers (nm). Basically, it is divided into three different types, A, B and C.

     

    UV-A and UV-B is found in sunlight. It’s what gives you a suntan or sunburn. UV-B is well known for medical applications such as the treatment of psoriasis and is also responsible for the formation of bone-strengthening vitamin D. 

     

    Then there’s UV-C, which is an invisible light, spanning the range of 100-280 nm, and has powerful germicidal properties.

    When designed properly, installed correctly with safety instructions followed, is a safe and highly effective form of disinfection”

    UV-C from the sunlight is filtered out by the Earth’s atmosphere. We should be thankful for this as exposure to certain wavelengths of UV-C radiation is hazardous to the skin and eyes of humans and animals. Despite this, UV-C lighting, when designed properly, installed correctly with safety instructions followed, is a safe and highly effective form of disinfection.

     

    Click on the image to see the full infographic.

    Proven track record


    Signify has been involved in UV-C lighting for more than 35 years. Our conventional Philips UV-C lamps have the same familiar shape as our well-known fluorescent tubes. Their peak wavelength of 254 nm is close to the 260-265 nm germicidal peak and proven to be extremely effective in breaking down the DNA (and RNA) of bacteria, viruses, fungi and mold spores, rendering them inactive and harmless.
     

    For years, UV-C has been used to disinfect drinking water, wastewater, air, pharmaceutical products, and surfaces against a whole suite of pathogens. In fact, it has rendered inactive all bacteria and viruses tested to date (many hundreds over the years including coronaviruses).
     

    Last June, Boston University validated our UV-C lighting as effective in inactivating SARS-CoV-2, the virus causing COVID-19.  The team applied a dose of 5mJ/cm2, resulting in a reduction in the virus of 99% in 6 seconds. Based on the data, it was determined that a dose of 22mJ/cm2 will result in a reduction of 99.9999% in 25 seconds.
     

    Signify’s new UV-C product range include battens, luminaries and carts for surface disinfection, air disinfection systems and a series of chambers for the speedy disinfection of objects and instruments.
     

    Let’s take a look at the different forms of disinfection,

    Surface disinfection


    Disinfection of surfaces is performed through direct exposure to the UV-C radiation from lamps, luminaires or disinfection carts that are activated when people are not present. They can be brought into a workplace or bus or train when people have left. An extra level of safety may be provided by remote on-off switches and sensors which can shutdown systems if people or animals are detected.
     

    Typical surface disinfection lamps are 55W and depending on the dose, disinfection can be done in seconds or a matter of minutes.
     

    Of course, the light won’t be able to reach areas in shadow. So, for areas requiring deep disinfection it is recommended that UV-C forms part of a multi-barrier approach, alongside traditional scrubbing and cleaning with chemical disinfectants. Where UV-C scores highly is that it saves on time, requires few to no people and no chemicals. Surface disinfection lends itself to high contact areas such as offices, schools, restrooms and gyms.
     

    For surface disinfection of small objects, such as mobile phones, laptops and wallets, a new range of chambers will be introduced. These draw on our experience with the Once BioShift germicidal chamber. The latter looks like an industrial microwave oven and was conceived for biosecurity in the agri-business sector. At the press of a button, items placed inside the chamber are disinfected in just five minutes. Such systems are safe to use with people in the room as the UV-C disinfection takes place in a contained and sealed chamber.

    BioShift chamber

    If you can work a microwave oven, you can use the BioShift chamber"

    Chambers are also simple to operate. If you can work a microwave oven, you can use the BioShift chamber and that’s why it’s proving popular for applications outside of agribusiness. 

    Air disinfection


    Signify also offers a range upper-room air disinfection systems thanks to its recent acquisition of the assets of Germicidal Lamps & Applications (GLA).  Its ceiling-mounted units rely on natural or mechanical ventilation in the room. Contaminated air, at an upper level, passes through a ‘UV-zone’ where it’s disinfected. Such systems can be used in rooms with people present as the light source is shielded from those below and located at a height of at least 2.3m.
    UV-C lamps
    Some air conditioning systems also us UV-C where high output lamps will keep the cooling coil free from microorganisms that can otherwise stick together to create a biofilm. In addition, UV-C lamps may be applied inside air conditioning ducts to inactivate bacteria. Due to the high air speed, the required UV-C dose inside ducts will be relatively high.

    Water disinfection


    Signify cut its UV-C teeth in providing lamps for water disinfection. They are used all over the world in both water treatment plants and residential drinking water purification systems. Applications include disinfecting and purifying drinking water, wastewater, process water, swimming pools, and ponds. UV-C lamps are available in wattages from 4W up to 1000W depending on the application, which varies from large municipal installations in which several hundred lamps are used to small units that fit inside household sinks to disinfect drinking water. These domestic units are popular in India and China.

    A technology whose time has come


    The COVID-19 pandemic has put UV-C lighting firmly into the spotlight. Demand for our lamps and drivers has skyrocketed with our factories working 24x7 to meet demand.
     

    Going forward, the applications for UV-C are as huge as they are diverse. Let’s take a look at just one market, supermarkets.
     

    Research has proven that shopping trolleys can harbor 361 times more bacteria than a bathroom doorknob1, while supermarket fridge doors can have 1,235 times more bacteria than the surface of your cell phone. 

    Shops

    As shoppers browse the aisles, air disinfection systems can eradicate tiny airborne droplets"

    As shoppers browse the aisles, air disinfection systems can eradicate tiny airborne droplets, while lights fitted under check-out conveyer belts can disinfect them and remove unpleasant odors. And after closing, luminaire systems or wheelable carts could disinfect the store’s surfaces, whilst special UV-C tunnels disinfect shopping trolleys.
     

    Today, companies and institutions are waking up to a new normal where germ and virus-free spaces are no longer ‘nice to haves’. UV-C lighting, which has been around for more than 40 years, is a well-tested, yet relatively unsung technology. It has taken a terrible pandemic for it to emerge out of the shadows. A technology whose time has surely come.

     

    1Reusethisbag.com, an online retailer for reusable shopping bags, released the results of a study in which they surveyed the bacteria levels at more than 100 grocery stores of varying sizes and price levels in 10 states across America. The survey covered New York, California, Texas, Florida, and Maine.

    About the author:

    Neil Pattie

    Neil Pattie

    Head of Content, Signify

    For further information, please contact:

    Signify Global Integrated Communications
    Neil Pattie
    Tel: + 31 6 15 08 48 17
    Email: neil.pattie@signify.com

    About Signify

     

    Signify (Euronext: LIGHT) is the world leader in lighting for professionals and consumers and lighting for the Internet of Things. Our Philips products, Interact connected lighting systems and data-enabled services, deliver business value and transform life in homes, buildings and public spaces. With 2019 sales of EUR 6.2 billion, we have approximately 36,000 employees and are present in over 70 countries. We unlock the extraordinary potential of light for brighter lives and a better world. We have been named Industry Leader in the Dow Jones Sustainability Index for three years in a row. News from Signify is located at the Newsroom, Twitter, LinkedIn and Instagram. Information for investors can be found on the Investor Relations page.

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